Our Vietnamese Compatriots!
Because of one of our forebears' policy mistakes, the French Empire had the chance to colonize Vietnam. As a result, over nearly one hundred years, our compatriots have gone through myriad feelings of bitterness: some were suppressed by the enemy, others relegated to corrupt officials, and all the rest of the country incurred gruesome tax and toil burdens. The colonial policy of obscurantism aims to brainwash our people' Worst. It continues to instigate separatism between North, Centre, and South, sows seeds of disunity, in order to perpetuate their dominance on the land our Ancestors had fought so hard to preserve. Our revolutionaries from the Three Regions have incessantly been valiantly struggling to recover our national sovereignty.
Alas! It is only due to their lack of cutting-edge weaponry and rudimentary training that, with so much blood and tear, they've repeatedly suffered heavy losses, leaving their contemporaries and posterity with grievance and anger. Four years ago, the French Empire collapsed, so did its position considerably falter on Indochina. Then, when Japanese troops expanded into Vietnam, the local French clique, which wanted to retain its mastery here, exploited all our resources to meet Japanese military demands while hoping that it could sustain their relationship.
On the other hand, the French stepped up their repression against our people, plunging them into dire straits, enfeebling our potential resistance, expecting to deprive us of the chance to shorten our struggle. Today, our opposition had reached a deciding point when the enemy exposed themselves with their sheer joy and hope. Indeed, their relationship with the Japanese government had not worked. It is why the latter wanted to resolve the Indochinese issue once and for all. At the daybreak of the 26th of January of the Second Rooster (the 10th of March 1954), the French ruling machinery crumbled.
Our Vietnamese Compatriots!
We have been stepping toward a critical detour in history. Now we have added advantages in taking care of the struggle for the precious homeland as bequeathed by our ancestors. Let's campaign for our Independence! Let's campaign for our Independence! Yes! The whole country must jointly lobby for Independence. It is the unique goal of the campaign for the Independence of Vietnam. "For A Free and Independent Vietnam!", the unique motto of the Vietnamese people.
Since our country was shaken, we've only gathered in small organizations or fought in isolation; thus, this lack of unity and resilience prevents us from effectively dealing with the aggressor, which is extremely cruel. However, at this stage, we have learned more than enough from this experience and should recognize that truth, so it is time for us to work in closer collaboration and determination.
Our Vietnamese Intellectuals!
Has that scum civilization seduced you? Have you forgotten the traditional valiance of the Vietnamese nation? No! No! We don't think for sure that you have. You must have been aware that France's scum civilization has been instilled in many of our compatriots and turned them into the tools of the invading gang. You have been well-versed in the glorious pages our ancestors had written with their blood and tears throughout history, which are still sloshing on paper. So, today you should take this excellent opportunity to channel your intellectual, physical and moral capacities into the campaign, guiding our people to help one another consolidate their national spirit.
Our Young People:
Many of you have owed your physical strength to exercise training under the French ord in the last three years. First, however, ponder whether the enemy loves this Vietnamese race? Do Decoux, Ducouroy, truly adore you? Have those of the different race, who had seized our Ancestors' unlimited precious heritage ever expended their affection for you yet? This action is because they want to use you for their interest: they train you so that, when they need you, they will readily make you prey to swords and bullets.
However, it is a considerable risk for the enemy, but good luck for the Great Viet citizens! No sooner have the hordes had enough time to execute their scheme than they had been captured alive. So, today, instead of serving under duress those who murdered our forebears, seized our territory, scrambled for our interests, and oppressed our compatriots, let's devote all this mettle to restoring the Independence of Vietnam.
Our Young People! You should participate in the campaign for the Independence of Vietnam to achieve our ultimate goal.
Our Confucian Scholars and our Votaries!
Confucian Scholars! You have for long embraced the dream of regaining an Independent Vietnam. You always make sure that a national spirit in you grows stronger every day. Finally, the day you have yearned for has arrived and, now, you should be excited seeing that Vietnam re-emerges with a new source of energy. So much grit of old remains engraved in people's minds, so many prowesses have not faded from your vivid memory of our gallantry.
Our Votaries and Venerables!
Do the Elders remember? In the history of traditional Vietnam, though he had quitted the world and put on a cassock, Great Monk Khuong Viet returned and stood out to protect the country in need. But, since the French came and occupied our country, though, on the surface, they let us practice the freedom of religion, deep down, they used all their schemes to undermine Buddhists' attempts to restore Buddhism and to ban superstitions conjointly. Not only that, we did not have a united propaganda organization, nor did we have a typical Sangha training school.
You should know: as long as the country is lost, the foundations of Morality will be dilapidated; only if the government exists will Morality gleam.
We look forward to the Elders' being so inspired by Great Monk Khuong Viet's role model to join the Campaign for the Independence of Vietnam voluntarily and encourage your adherents to quickly participate in the new movement, owing to which we can renovate our nation. Only if our country thrives will Buddhism freely develop to propagate its thoughts of Harmony and Compassion across all social sectors.
Our Traders, Peasants, and Workers!
Due to the constraints of the invaders, the country's commerce has suffered exhaustion and seemed entirely controlled by foreigners. Therefore, under French dominance, the economic and commercial activities of the Vietnamese have no excellent prospects at all. Small industries and handicrafts have been so grossly hassled that this petty bourgeoisie is polarized and plunged into dire straits. For the sake of commercial and business development and growth, people were too emasculated to reinstate it unless the country secures its independence".
Peasants suffer from the French oppression compounded by the venality of bureaucrats, concurrently greedy landlords who exploit them from all angles. Agriculture is the economic base of the country. Still, because they want to provide for the Japanese who are lacking food and require food supplies, in the last several years, the French have implemented a ruthless policy: they have confiscated or controlled the price of produce, goods circulation, contrive agricultural cooperatives, cut peasants' profits, and reduce agricultural productivity, thus resulting in peasantry pauperization.
The French regime has not helped improve agricultural technology: they dug a few canals, for example. Eighty years on, our agriculture remains primitive, with outdated implements left behind by our ancestors. The regime has not brought in new machinery to enhance our agriculture. Therefore, agricultural workers are not better off, to such an extent that, under French control, even salt, the daily staple which Indochina used to produce in great quantity, has not in recent years been sufficiently supplied.
The domestic industry has not fared better. On the contrary, it lacks stimulus and support and is so indirectly obstructed that people are deprived of all things, even from a needle to a more ingenious device.
In summary, economists, industrialists, traders, and cultivators, are deprived of natural or human resources, adequate raw materials which have vitally been necessary for the country, are all confiscated, damaged, or destroyed by the French, ruining our land's fertility and biodiversity.
Urban workers are often maltreated and suppressed as their rural counterparts; they lead an always deprived life with inherent timidity toward their French bosses, with cruelty on their faces. More often than not, many workers are mercilessly tortured and, in cases, murdered unwittingly. Others suffer malaria draining out all their blood in vast caoutchouc plantations or perishing in dark mines without their claims investigated. People daren't voice their disgruntlement or complaint. They are abandoned by the law to fend for themselves, with no protection.
What is the reason for all of these, if not the loss and destruction of our country? Otherwise, those stateless do not have to stifle their wrath and shame.
(Continued next page)
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