Source and Meaning of Four Words "Wine, Lust, Asset and Anger"
Su Dongpo, a great writer of the Northern Song Dynasty, visited a good friend of his, a Buddhist monk practicing at Daxiangguo Temple. It was on the time the monk left his house. Su Dongpo stayed in the meditation room. He accidentally saw a poem by Fo Yin’s name on a wall. The poem said:
"Everyone hides in the four walls of wine, lust, wealth and anger. Whoever can jump out of the circle could be deemed to have enjoyed longevity even if they did not reach the age of one hundred."
After reading it, Su Dongpo had other thoughts, so he picked up his pen and attached a poem beside the Fo Yin's one. He wrote thus:
"You are a hero if you drink without getting drunk; if you have lust without drowning in it, you’ll be a wise person; if you can be offered an asset, you decline it knowing it is unjust. If you're angry, you don't burst into fury."
After finishing the poem, Su Dongpo left the next day.
Another day, Song Shenzong Zhao Xu (xū), accompanied by his Minister Wang Anshi, paid a visit to the Daxiangguo Temple. They saw the Fo Yin and Su Dongpo’s poems and found it quite interesting. Shenzong said to Wang Anshi:
"My Minister, why don’t you respond with a poem?" Multiskilled as he was, he immediately took the order and, waving the ink with a brush, wrote:
"Without wine, there is no etiquette; without lust, roads are short, people scarce; without wealth, people don't get excited and work hard, without anger, a country lacks vitality."
Song Shenzong greatly acclaimed the poem and, so inspired, he also wrote one for himself. He wrote:
"Wine facilitate rituals and music, thus pacifying the society; well-educated lust produces creatures and respect for three main-stays and five constant virtues; wealth causes self-sufficiency and prosperity; if qi (anger) is stagnant, Tai-Ji freezes ying and Yang elements."
This is a group of witty poems about wine, lust, wealth and qi. Because of the different positions and patterns of the poets, the four things of the same wine, lust, wealth and qi have completely different evaluations. Monk Fo Yin's poem talks about the enlightenment of the emptiness of Buddhism, and advocates complete isolation from wine, lust, wealth and qi, and renunciation of the world is the idea of Buddhism's worldly transcending way and sagesse-obtaining method.
Su Dongpo's poem emphasizes that the key to dealing with wine, lust, wealth and qi is to maintain middle path or moderation. From aperspective of Confucian self-cultivation, it also belongs to the avenue to inner sagesse. When Wang Anshi and Song Shenzong talked about the positive effects of wine, lust, wealth and qi on the country, they affirmed the positive factors contained in wine, lust, wealth and qi.
One is the vision of the virtuous and the other is the allure of the king. All belong to the ways of the king. This is the difference in cognition and difference in feelings, so one person, one way, genuine and not self-deceiving. Therefore, everything is neither right nor wrong, until one draws on a perspective, hence the result is different!
(Edited by Hong hong)
Discussion: Looking at the above, there are different explanations for Jiu Se Cai Qi (pinyin of mandarin ) at different levels of human perspective, but for a cultivator, they must absolutely not get entangled in any of the above. The main reason is that the walls have an addictive substance that makes one easy to fall in love once entering, and to move further and further away from the truth and balance of body and mind. People once addicted are easy to go astray, and susceptable to other bad habits.
In Oracle Vol 6, Lord Master taught that the use of alcohol is not completely forbidden as is the case with the ceremonial wine, where you must not let yourself get drunk. As for the husband and wife sex, it is their need for self-preservation and generational continuum, not just to gratify their sexual desires. As for the creation of wealth to earn a living, it is necessary, if not indispensable, to meet daily needs for oneself and help people around. This belong to the Right Livelihood and
Unlike the Right Livelihood, gambling, hoarding, speculation, is something that should be avoided. Finally, the word ‘qi’ can be interpreted as heroism which often is manifested by grandiloquence. In a positive sense, “qi” is necessary for people to have the will to evolve, progress, and self-esteem. However, if a person is not balanced, he would easily burst into rancour, resentment, caught in a cycle of vendetta, and this is to be avoided.
It is not good for people to have excessive self-esteem as well as excessive complex of inferiority. It normally culminates in self-blaming and, and resorting to violence to solve any personal problem. In addition, qi also means opinium smoking, substance abuse, and often causes many social evils such as theft, robbery. But this qi only focuses on uncontrollable temperament.
“Heroism is not commendable,
It easily invites a personal trouble.”
Oracle, Vol 4, page 207
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